The Bardic Divas: Womens Voices from Kazakhstan Smithsonian’s National Museum of Asian Art

You can use it in Kazakhstan, Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and other Eastern European countries. Basically, it’ll serve you far better in most of the world than Kazakh will. The two official languages of Kazakhstan are Kazakh and Russian. Most people, especially the younger crowd, are fluent in both.

  • Marriage is forbidden to any couple related over the past seven generations.
  • There are beautiful parts of Kazakhstan, with lakes and mountains that would rival many tourist destinations in the world.
  • Also a product of their formally nomadic lives is the yurt, a Central Asian dwelling resembling a tepee, which was transportable and utilitarian on the harsh Central Asian steppe.
  • These efforts date back to Nov. 22, 2009, when the governments of Kazakhstan and Afghanistan signed an agreement on cooperation in education.
  • While tensions between the two groups were often subtle and barely visible, they erupted violently during the 16 December, 1986 riots over Russian control of the Kazakh Communist Party.

Kazakhs also still largely adhere to an old custom of care for the elderly. The youngest son in Kazakh families is expected to stay at home until his parents die. He may take a wife and have a family of his own, but he is expected to care for his parents into their old age. Some couples have only one or two children, while other families have eight or nine. Men exercise most of the symbolic authority in both Kazakh and non-Kazakh households. But there are many very strong women and powerful matriarchs who wield all practical find more on control.

Reporting a Problem

The office of the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan has been relocated to Almaty, and Kazakhstan has made some of the most active and productive suggestions for moving forward and working together,” she said. Terhi Hakala, EU Special Representative for Central Asia, commended Kazakhstan’s steadfast support to Afghanistan and its important role in ensuring regional security. One hundred and twenty Afghan nationals got a chance to receive an education in Kazakhstan from 2018 to 2022. In the current academic year, 25 Afghan students were accepted, and 30 were enrolled in preparatory courses. That agreement saw at least 1,000 Afghan citizens study in Kazakhstan from 2010 to 2021, sponsored by the government of Kazakhstan.

Because of State Department travel advisories, I also looked into traveling to other countries where Russian is spoken. Kazakhstan, an independent country , is a former Soviet Socialist Republic where Russian is still the primary language. I became intrigued by Kazakhstan’s pre-Soviet nomadic and Soviet history and how and why Russia continues to influence its culture and politics. Kazakhstan’s international partners should urge the Kazakh government to criminalize domestic violence as a standalone offense.

This accelerated and eased the process of giving up the borik. There is a chapter in my book about the extent to which the Soviet project was reflected in the lives of specific women. How did the rapid changes that took place in Kazakh society during Soviet-style modernization affect the lives of women? How did they feel within themselves during this difficult time? To what extent did they let the revolution and Soviet ideology in?

Kazakhstan Women royalty-free images

The billboards could advertise anything, but they had to feature a human character in some way. Billboards differ from magazines in that they target a much larger and broader audience, whereas the magazines generally target a specific gender and type of person. I analyzed a total of eighty-nine images from magazines and billboards. I started by purchasing magazines at a local grocery store, choosing three that targeted female audiences and three that targeted male audiences. For the female-target magazines, I analyzed Cosmopolitan Kazakhstan, Harper’s Bazaar Russia, and Caravan, a local Kazakh magazine. For male-target magazines, I looked at Men’s Health Russia, Forbes Kazakhstan, and GQ Russia.

I chose these magazines because they were among the most popular in Kazakhstan and were easily accessible. The Asian Development Bank is committed to achieving a prosperous, inclusive, resilient, and sustainable Asia and the Pacific, while sustaining its efforts to eradicate extreme poverty. It assists its members and partners by providing loans, technical assistance, grants, and equity investments to promote social and economic development.

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The region does not seem to be one that will readily go to war, while memories of the war in Afghanistan in the late 1970s are fresh in most people’s minds. The powers of the legislature are severely limited; most glaringly, they don’t even have the power to initiate legislation. There is a Supreme Court of forty-four members and a Constitutional Court of seven members. While much of the control is centered in Astana with the president, legislature, and courts, there are fourteen provinces or states, called oblasts in Russian, with governors and certain rights. Some would argue that there is no bigger problem in Kazakhstan than rising social stratification at all levels. Kazakh capitalism has been a free-for-all, with a few people grabbing almost all of the power regardless of who suffers. Seventy years of living in a land without imports or major foreign trade made the people of Kazakhstan rely heavily on their Soviet neighbors and on producing for themselves.

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Despite the difficulties, women’s departments in Kazakhstan took into account the socio-economic and cultural specifics of Kazakhstan. Much of the credit for this goes to the women in charge of these departments. At the local level, they became supportive bodies for women, places they could come in search of justice. It was not a question of how well they managed the main task—to get all the women of Kazakhstan to accept the Soviet power—or how successful they were in eliminating illiteracy, or how many child care centers appeared in the late 1920s. The women’s departments of Kazakhstan did an excellent job in their basic mission of conveying the basic ideas of the Bolsheviks—that is, the ideology of the Communist Party—to every single woman. Among the countries of Central Asia, Kazakhstan is a leader in progress on gender equality. Kazakhstan improved its overall ranking and jumped 15 positions to 65th place in the Global Gender Gap Index 2022, a report designed to measure gender equality among 146 countries.

Kazakhstan has a historical fear of China and thus watches its border with that country closely, but the most unstable areas for Kazakhstan involve its neighbors to the south. Movements in Afghanistan have spread to the failed state of Tajikistan, forming a center of Islamic fundamentalism not far to Kazakhstan’s south. Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan have already dealt with attacks from rebel groups in Tajikistan, and Kazakhstan has significantly increased its military presence on its borders with Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.

The study also showed that workplace violence remains a challenge. The most common cases of violence were inflicted by patients and their relatives. The study received funding from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands. The cross-sectional study was designed to understand how perceived safety, well-being and livelihood vary by gender and occupation among hospital health-care providers managing COVID-19 patients in Kazakhstan. Globally, it is reported that women constitute up to 70% of the health-care workforce, providing an essential contribution to fencing the frontline of the COVID-19 pandemic.

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